Outlines how to propagate succulent plants from leaves, cuttings, offshoots, stems and seeds, and expert tips on how to care for succulents.
Succulents can store water and therefore survive longer dry periods. They require little maintenance – and they are enchanting with their extraordinary appearance. Succulent plants are at home where there is little rain: they can store water in their leaves, trunks or roots, and they can withstand longer dry periods without any problems.
- How to propagate succulent plants: overview
- How to propagate succulent plants: complete guide
- How to propagate succulents from leaves
- How to propagate succulents from offshoots
- How to propagate succulents from stems
- How to grow succulents from a cutting
- How to propagate succulents in water
- How to grow succulents from seeds
- How to transplant succulents
- How to propagate succulent plants: How to care for succulents
How to propagate succulent plants: overview
There are succulents on all continents: They come from the dry highlands of Mexico, but also from the Canary Islands and the deserts and steppes of Asia. As a houseplant, they require little maintenance and are therefore ideal for beginners. Another reason why these plants are fascinating: Each individual succulent is a small work of art from nature.
Succulents are not a plant family of their own – all of the species that belong to them, such as houseleek, agave or money tree, have one thing in common because they have tissue that stores water. Leaf succulents can be recognized by their thick, small, spherical or cylindrical leaves and their often squat shape.
In this way, the plant reduces its evaporation surface and can therefore cope with less water. In addition, the leaves are often covered with a layer of wax, which has the same effect. Corky bark acts as insulation, as does a hairy or thorny surface. Stem succulents like the cactus have thick and juicy shoots. How to propagate pothos: easy steps and growing guide
How to propagate succulent plants: complete guide
First of all in how to propagate succulent plants, it is important that you use gloves to protect yourself from the milky sap that is sometimes toxic or at least irritating to the skin. The cuttings are then immersed in water at 40 degrees Celsius so that the juice coagulates before they are put on or in soil.
Basically: Succulent cuttings of all kinds should first be given some time to dry. Cuttings can even be kept dry until the first roots appear. To do this, put them in a vessel that is so narrow that they don’t touch the ground below. They are then placed in pots with potting soil, where they usually take root quickly in warm ambient temperatures. Do not water the plants, water them only when they areHave formed roots. How to propagate snake plant sansevieria
How to propagate succulents from leaves
Richly leafed succulent species such as money trees, agaves or lucky feathers offer the leaf cuttings method for how to propagate succulent plants. The aim here is for a leaf to take root along the wound incision and allow one or more offspring to sprout. The best time for this form of propagation is early spring in order to use the summer vegetation phase for growth. This is how you proceed professionally:
- Fill a bowl or pot with a mix of succulent soil and coconut fiber
- Spray the substrate with soft water
- Cancel or cut off the desired number of sheets
- Use a razor blade to cut a thin strip from the edge of the leaf to reveal the sap-rich tissue
- Place the cut cuttings flat on the moist substrate and press lightly
- Set up in the partially shaded, warm window seat
- One or more mini-succulents subsequently emerge along the exposed tissue. If the substrate dries, spray it with room temperature water.
Once the rooted plants have reached a height of 2 to 3 cm, they can be cut off from the leaf cuttings. Planted in small pots with succulent soil, growth and rooting continue quickly. Since the fresh roots are very sensitive, please pre-drill a small planting hole for each plant.
How to propagate succulents from offshoots
Unbranched succulents give your gardener the offspring ready-made material for how to propagate succulent plants in the form of offshoots which are an easy method for how to propagate succulent plants. These side shoots usually thrive at the base as a baby variant of their mother plant. While with other types of plants you have to wait until a child has its own roots with the separating pruning, this premise is not absolutely necessary with succulents. How to properly prune and care for an offshoot:
- Separate a child when it has clearly assumed the shape of its mother plant
- Ideally, grasp the offshoot between two fingers and break it off
- Alternatively, cut off with a sharp, disinfected knife
- Allow the cut to dry in an airy place for 1 to 2 days before you follow the planting instructions in the above section.
How to propagate succulents from stems
The succulent mother plant’s stem is cut into equal parts for the method of how to propagate succulent plants from stems. The cut is always a few millimeters below a node, because growth substances and assimilates accumulate there, which are needed for the wound to heal and for the missing organs to regrow quickly. A sharp knife is used for cutting so that the cut is not squashed.If you don’t have one at hand, you can also use (pruning) scissors, most succulents are tough.
The cut is made as horizontally as possible in order to keep the cut and thus possible spot for dirt small. A small wound is better than a large one. After the cut, the bottom leaves are removed as they could rot if they get into the substrate. Most succulent cuttings are allowed to dry for three days to a month (for some cacti) before planting. At the interface, too, new shoots often form again.
How to grow succulents from a cutting
Succulents have strong vigor, so that even a single cutting can be used for how to propagate succulent plants to form a new plant. Numerous popular succulent houseplants have lush foliage from which you can obtain several offshoots. Money trees are just as much a part of it as various thick-leaf plants, opuntia or the lucky feather.
A tried and tested method (not only for succulents) is propagation by cuttings . In the case of succulents, somwetimes entire leaves are usually removed for this purpose, but they are not put into the ground, but only placed on top. Before laying on, make a light cut on the edge of the leaf, where new plants can develop over time. It is best to let the interface dry for a few days before coming into contact with the earth. If the cuttings develop independent roots, they can be repotted. Make sure that the substrate always remains moist, otherwise the formation of roots will be difficult.
- Mix succulent soil with coconut fibers and pour into a bowl
- The cultivation substrate moistened with lime-free water well
- Break off or cut off leaf cuttings
- Cut a thin strip of skin along the edge of the leaf with a razor blade
- Lay the cut offshoots flat on the damp earth and press down
- Set up in a partially shaded location at 19 to 25 degrees Celsius
- Baby succulents will thrive on the exposed tissue within a short time. Spray the substrate with soft water when it is well dried. From a height of at least 2 to 3 cm, the plants are mature enough to be separated from the offshoot. Carefully planted in a pot, look after the mini succulents like their mother plants.
How to propagate succulents in water
After hearing the warnings that too much water is the number one killer of succulents, you might be surprised to find someone asking, “Can succulents grow in water?” Not only was the question asked, it appears that some succulents actually do can grow well in water – not always and not all succulents. Research has shown that a method is possible for how to propagate succulent plants in water and that some do well. Some home builders take advantage of the option to revive crops that are not well planted in soil.
As far-fetched as it may sound, some people have been successful at making succulent plant water spread. The best candidates for this unusual growth are Echeveria and Sempervivum from the Crassulaceae family. These grow as attractive rosettes and multiply easily. Offsets of these plants can be planted in the ground for rooting and growth.
Water roots and soil roots in succulents are not the same. Both may be equally viable in some plants but are not interchangeable. If you root your succulents in water, there is no guarantee that those roots will survive if planted in the ground. If you want to experiment with growing some succulents in water, keep in mind that it is best to keep growing them this way.
Select the plants that you want to propagate in the water and let the ends become calloused. This stops the plant from rapidly absorbing water, which can cause rot. All succulent specimens should be calloused before planting. The ends will get stubborn in a couple of days if put aside.
When a succulent grows in the water, the end doesn’t actually go into the water but should hover just above it. Choose a container, jar, or vase that will hold the plant in place. It’s also helpful to look through the container to make sure the stem isn’t touching the water. Leave the container in a light to medium-light place and wait for roots to form. This can take from 10 days to a few weeks.
Some suggest that roots form faster if the end is shaded, so this is an option for experimentation as well. Others suggest adding hydrogen peroxide to the water. This can likely deter pests such as fungus mosquitoes, which are attracted to moisture. It adds oxygen to the water and may also stimulate root growth.
How to grow succulents from seeds
The vegetative propagation with offshoots or leaf cuttings produces only a limited number of young succulents. If you are aiming for a whole group of young plants, the focus will be on generative propagation with seeds. The process of sowing is not only more labor-intensive, but also more tedious and requires a good dose of care.
- Fill a seed tray with lean potting soil over a 1 cm high drainage made of expanded clay
- Moisten the substrate well with lime-free water
- Then sift the seed soil thinly with lime-free quartz sand
- Sprinkle the succulent seeds on top and press lightly with a board
- Cover the seed pot with a glass pane or cover it with cling film
- Set up in the partially shaded location at 21 to 25 degrees Celsius
The germination time depends on the type of succulent. Germination usually starts within 2 to 3 weeks. Under the protection of the cover, a warm, humid microclimate is created that does not require additional watering. During this time, seedlings must not be exposed to direct sunlight. As soon as the first seedlings sprout, the hood has done its job, because now your succulents need fresh air. On average, after 12 months, succulent seedlings are sufficiently mature that they can be pricked out. How to grow an avocado from seed: complete guide
How to transplant succulents
The cactus is no longer watered 2-4 weeks before transplant, so all fluid evaporates from the substrate and becomes completely dry and crumbly. Soaking the earth around the root system is not recommended, as it increases the risk of damaging thin shoots.
The diameter of the new pot should be 3-5 cm larger than that of the old one. The cactus has enough space to feel comfortable and to take in water. The pot is washed with an antibacterial agent. Types of clay are mixede with boiling water, then dried and filled with a layer of drainage. Pour the prepared soil into the container and transplant the cactus.
Touching succulents with your bare hands is painful and dangerous as tiny needles get stuck under the skin and can cause a purulent abscess. It is recommended to wear tight gloves made of leather or fabric with rubber inserts. Other gardeners use thick foam sponges to gently prick the plant and old newspapers that have been folded 6-8 times. You wrap the bottom of the inner flower with paper cuffs, firmly squeeze the ends, and transfer them to another pot. Small cacti are removed from the container with special tweezers. The tool is sold in flower shops.
- If the pot is made of clay, then you need to gently tap the walls with your hand or a spatula to do some gardening.
- Plastic containers are gently crumpled with your fingers to separate the earthen clump from the flower pot.
- The pot is upside down.
- Hold the flower with one hand and slowly rotate the container with the other.
- The flower pot is removed, the root system is cleaned of the substrate.
- When the cactus has grown to the walls of the container, the earthen ball is pulled around with a sharp knife.
- Couldn’t extract the succulent? Then the flower pot is broken or cut in half.
How to propagate succulent plants: How to care for succulents
How to propagate succulent plants: Sandy substrate is ideal
The substrate should have a high proportion of sand. Classic potting soil is not suitable. This is an important factor in how to keep succulents alive. Good drainage is particularly important for succulent plants, because the roots rot very quickly if they are waterlogged. In order for the water to drain out of the planter, it must always have at least one drainage hole. Most succulents like a substrate made of two parts of loose soil, one part of sand and one part of pumice or lava granules that you can easily mix yourself. Alternatively, the specialist trade offers special soil for cacti and succulents. So that the drainage holes do not clog and the drainage is strengthened, potsherds should be placed at the bottom of the vessel.
How to propagate succulent plants: Watering succulents properly
Succulents like it sunny and should be supplied with a little water regularly.
Succulents like a place in full sun. A greenhouse or south-facing window is ideal. Species that have white, gray or blue “skin” in particular need brightness to thrive. An unfavorable location shows up in unnaturally elongated shoots of the plant. Even if succulents are insensitive to a lack of water, they should be watered about once a week in the growth phase from spring to autumn, when the upper layer of soil has dried out.
How to propagate succulent plants: Use water with a low calcium content
Lime-free water, i.e. rainwater or boiled tap water, is best. Excess irrigation water in the saucer or planter should be removed. During the rest phase in the winter months, the plants should be as bright as possible, but cool. Then they need less water in this phase.
How to propagate succulent plants: Protection against fungi and mold is the be-all and end-all
Fungal spores are your youngsters’ worst enemy. This applies equally to the vegetative and generative method. Therefore, wash bowls and pots with hot water before use. Tools should always be disinfected with alcohol.
Please pay special attention to the substrate. Before offshoots, cuttings or seeds come into contact with it, it should be sterilized. Pour the earth into a fire-proof bowl, sprinkle it with a little water and loosely put a lid on. In the oven on the middle rack at 150 degrees top and bottom heat, all pathogens are reliably killed within 20 to 30 minutes.