Outlines how to propagate pothos, tips for planting the propagated plant, general care, and how to do wall design with pothos or use it in aquariums.
The Pothos (Epipremnum aureum, Epipremnum pinnatum) is also known as Efetute or Scindapsus. It is one of the robust and undemanding houseplants. With the help of a grid to support it, this climbing plant can even be used as a room divider. If it gets too big, the houseplant can simply be cut off. With these care tips you will have a lot of fun with the Pothos.
With the pothos there are no limits in terms of shape and color: Planted in a lofty height in a traffic light, the lush leaves of the hanging plant flow down like a green waterfall. As a climbing plant, it winds its way up in all directions using its aerial roots on climbing aids such as a moss stick or trellis.
- How to propagate pothos: the easy water glass method
- How to propagate pothos: care of your propagated plant
- Why do the leaves of the pothos turn yellow?
- How to propagate pothos: Can you prune pothos?
- When should pothos be repotted?
- Why is the pothos a good houseplant?
- Origin of pothos
- Using pothos in the aquarium
- Wall design with pothos
How to propagate pothos: the easy water glass method
The propagation of pothos takes place exclusively via cuttings. You cannot divide the root ball. In indoor culture, pothos practically never blooms , so you can’t harvest seeds here either.
The houseplants can easily be propagated by cuttings. To do this, cut off a plant shoot with two to three leaf nodes. Simply place the shoot in a water glass until roots have formed and then plant it in the substrate.
To propagate the pothos, you should only use parts of healthy, vigorous plants – this increases the chances of success. Strong shoots that do not have flowers are ideal as propagation material. Now place these shoots individually in water glasses. A good location for the glasses is the windowsill.
The water should be replaced with fresh water every few days, to which you can add a pinch of root activator if necessary.
Most of the roots are formed at the nodes, so at least one of them should always be in the water. When the fine roots begin to branch out, the young plants can be planted in a pot of soil.
Don’t wait too long: If the roots in the water glass are too long, they have to be shortened again before planting.
How to propagate pothos: care of your propagated plant
Location for planting
The Pothos prefers light or partially shaded places without drafts. Falling leaves and pure green leaves are an indication of lack of light in the Pothos.
temperature The Pothos prefers warm temperatures between 18 and 25 degrees Celsius. As a tropical plant, it does not tolerate temperatures below 15 degrees Celsius.
Water weekly. The substrate should be slightly dried before every new watering.
The higher the room temperature, the more water the Pothos needs.
Fertilize A liquid fertilizer can be added to the irrigation water every two weeks.
Special All parts of the plants are toxic, especially to small children and pets, if they are ingested in large quantities.
The Pothos is easy to care for. It needs a bright location, enough space to grow and an always moist substrate. It is best to water the plant weekly. In between, you can spray the pothos with water from a spray bottle. A liquid fertilizer can be used every two weeks for an extra growth spurt.
The plant with the glossy, heart-shaped leaves is available in different colors: from natural white and yellow to various shades of green. Some of them shimmer gold or silver. The pattern is also different: the leaves are speckled or marbled.
Why do the leaves of the pothos turn yellow?
If the leaves of the houseplant turn yellow, this is not a problem straight away. Only if there are too many leaves can this be a sign of errors in care.
• Make sure that the pothos is watered regularly, but not too much. The earth must neither be too wet nor too dry.
• Regularly spray the leaves with water from the spray bottle.
• The location must not be too dark. The plant should receive sufficient light.
• Avoid direct sunlight and midday sun.
• The plant should not be too close to the radiator.
• If the stems are attached too tightly to the climbing aids, the sap can no longer flow unhindered. Check the fastenings. It is best to use special clamps for climbing plants instead of cords and threads.
How to propagate pothos: Can you prune pothos?
If the branches of the pothos are too long, they can be cut without hesitation. Yellow leaves can also be easily cut off. The pothos is one of the most robust houseplants , which is why there are hardly any pests to fear.
When should pothos be repotted?
The roots of the Pothos should always have enough space. As soon as the substrate is rooted or the roots grow out of the pot, you should move the plant into a larger container.
• Carefully take the pothos out of the pot.
• Remove the old, excess soil from the roots. It no longer provides adequate nutrients and should be replaced.
• Fill a sufficiently large pot with substrate.
• Carefully put the plant inside.
• Fill the pot with substrate.
• Pour the ufeutute lightly. After about a day you can add more water to the pot.
The ideal time for repotting is spring.
Why is the pothos a good houseplant?
The pothos is one of the plants that clean the air with their leaves. So it not only produces oxygen, but can also filter certain quantities of toxic chemicals from the air, some of which are found in industrial products such as carpets, electrical appliances and furniture.
The clean air study by the US space agency Nasa also confirmed the positive effect. The green lily and the dragon tree also have a similar effect on the room air. In the case of Pothos, it was also shown that they can significantly reduce the benzene levels in the air – which arise, for example, from smoking.
Origin of pothos
Pothos originally comes from Indonesia, Southeast Asia and the Salamon Islands, came to Europe in 1879 and has been cultivated here as a climbing and hanging plant ever since. In their homeland, the Pothos grows high on tree trunks, which is why they got their scientific name “Epipremnum”, which is made up of the Greek words “epi” for “on” or “an” and “premnon” for “trunk”.
The Pothos and her 15 sisters belong to the Aracae family. Its famous relatives include the Dieffenbachia, the Monstera and the Philodendron. The Pothos is popularly known as the golden tendril, as the leaves of some species have a golden marbling.
Using pothos in the aquarium
Sometimes aquarium owners let an pothos grow into the tank – this is intended to reduce the nitrate content in the water. You have to keep in mind that the pothos is not an underwater plant. Therefore, only the roots should grow into the aquarium , but the leaves should remain in the air.
The best way to do this is with an offshoot that has taken root in a water cup, or you can resort to hydroponics , which can also do without soil. The cover of the aquarium must of course be open. In addition, the pothos should be attached to the edge or lid in such a way that it does not float in the water – overall a rather cumbersome method.
Wall design with pothos
In bags or on mats made of rock wool or coconut fiber, plants can be made into a mural. Filigree climbing plants that do not protrude too far from the wall are particularly suitable for these vertical beds. These include:
• Climbing fig (Ficus pumila)
• Climbing philodendron (Philodendron scandens)
• Pothos (Epipremnum aureum)
• Flamingo flower (Anthurium)
• Single leaf (Spathiphyllum)