Health/Life

How to increase blood pressure: symptoms, remedies and dangers

how to increase blood pressure

Outlines how to increase blood pressure using natural remedies, lists symptoms and numbers to identify low blood pressure, and when to see a doctor!

Hypotension background

Low blood pressure (arterial hypotension) is common, especially in young, slim women. Low blood pressure is when blood pressure values ​​are below 100/110 to 60 mmHg. Those affected usually suffer from dizziness, tiredness or a racing heart. Read more about the topic here: How does low blood pressure develop? What can you do about it? Why can low blood pressure be dangerous during pregnancy?

Low blood pressure is indeed less harmful to health, as a hypertension ( blood high-pressure ), but is mostly felt by those affected to be very uncomfortable. In addition to poor concentration, dizziness and malaise, constant tiredness also puts an enormous strain on those affected in everyday life.

However, in addition to a healthy lifestyle, there are some foods that can remedy the situation quickly and are easy to integrate into the daily routine – we’ll show you which foods raise blood pressure and what tips that will help in how to raise blood pressure as well!

Common causes

In addition to a genetic predisposition or chronic diseases, your own lifestyle and external influences are usually the reasons for low blood pressure. This includes:

  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • lack of sleep
  • Dehydration from poor hydration
  • poor diet
  • Abrupt change of position (for example when getting up)
  • Taking medication (pain relievers, antidepressants)
  • diabetes
  • Heart failure
  • Hormonal imbalances

When is blood pressure considered to be low?

how to increase blood pressure

 Doctors speak of low blood pressure or hypotension when the upper value is below 110 for men and below 100 for women. This value is also called the “systolic blood pressure”. The lower value, which is also called “diastolic blood pressure”, should not be below 60 for men and women. 

BLOOD PRESSURE TABLE

systolic (in mmHG)diastolic (in mmHG)
optimal<105<80
normal<130<85
highly normal130-13985-89
Grade 1 hypertension140-15990-99
Grade 2 hypertension160-179100-109
Grade 3 hypertension> 179> 109

Low blood pressure types

Doctors distinguish between three different forms of hypotension. The most common form is primary hypotension (also called simply low blood pressure). Other forms are secondary and orthostatic hypotension.

  • Primary hypotension: describes the most common form and usually occurs without a clear cause
  • Secondary hypotension: usually occurs as a result of an underlying disease such as hypothyroidism or various heart diseases
  • Orthostasis hypotension: occurs through volume shift, for example when you quickly get up from lying down

Low blood pressure symptoms

People who inherently have low blood pressure often do not even notice it or compensate for signs skillfully. If the pressure is only temporarily lower, you may feel limp or sore and sometimes a lot more tense. 

Low blood pressure does not always cause symptoms. However, symptoms such as dizziness, palpitations and circulatory problems, headaches or tiredness can occur, especially when there is a rapid attack in blood pressure. Frequently affected are (inactive) adolescents, young slim women, pregnant women and lean elderly people. In principle, the following applies: If low blood pressure causes symptoms such as the following and these occur frequently or very suddenly, the cause should be clarified by a doctor:

Palpitations: If the blood pressure is low, a rapid heartbeat (pulse) often occurs. This is because the body wants to counteract the reduced blood flow – and it does this by making the heart beat faster by activating the sympathetic nervous system.

Dizziness: Low blood pressure also means insufficient blood supply to the brain. This causes visual disturbances such as the famous “seeing spots” or ringing in the ears and dizziness. In the worst case, those affected may pass out. Often these symptoms are also noticeable when those affected change position, for example standing up (quickly) or bending down. The blood sinks into the legs and the body needs a moment to regulate the blood pressure again.

Such “dropouts” become dangerous when there is a risk of falling or when they occur while driving.

Headache: Often low blood pressure is accompanied by (sharp, pulsating) headaches. The reason: the blood circulation in the head is restricted. Then it can help to have a drink and thereby increase the volume of blood circulating. A walk is also good, as the fresh air improves the oxygen supply in the brain and stimulates the circulation.

Fatigue: fatigue, concentration problems, drowsiness, tiredness – low blood pressure makes you tired. Patients take longer in the morning to get going and generally feel listless. In addition, they are often shaky or sweat more due to the reduced blood flow.

Breathlessness: Chest tightness or stitches in the heart area can also be signs of low blood pressure. Some people have difficulty breathing, and the skin may feel cool and pale. This is because in arterial hypotension, the blood vessels are constricted in order to direct the blood volume to the vital organs such as the heart or brain.

Also ringing in the earsloss of appetiteirritabilitychanges in the weather and depressive moods may indicate low blood pressure.

Low blood pressure and high pulse

If you suffer from a high pulse and low blood pressure , it is advisable to see a doctor in order to rule out chronic hypotension. While it is often harmless, it can also require drug treatment as one of the final strategies for how to increase blood pressure. 

  • The body usually regulates blood pressure independently. By regulating the heartbeat and blood vessels, it can adjust blood pressure.
  • With hypotension, the vessels narrow and the heartbeat increases. However, this also increases the pressure in narrow vessels, which can lead to neurological failures, perception disorders and physical complaints such as fainting, visual disturbances, shortness of breath and headaches. 
  • In the long run, this condition is not healthy and should be medically examined and treated if necessary. 

Low blood pressure and low pulse

Low heart rate and low blood pressure are not uncommon, especially in athletes, because the body is used to higher performance and needs less when resting.

  • This connection can also be observed during sleep.
  • However, if you are not suffering from it due to exercise, it could be a heart failure (bradycardia, valvular heart disease, etc.) or an incorrect medication for high blood pressure. 

Low blood pressure – what to do in case of hypotension

Below we have listed various common medications and home remedies that are useful for hypotension and how to increase blood pressure. However, self-therapy is not indicated in all cases and should be examined and monitored by a doctor. 

Hypotension medication

Most hypotension is not permanent and therefore does not need to be treated with medication. If the low blood pressure is related to an illness or illness, the focus is on combating the illness. If the symptoms of hypotension interfere too much, a doctor may prescribe or recommend medication. 

  • The drugs work on the heart and circulation, helping your body to relieve symptoms.
  • The drug Efortil, which contains the active ingredient etilefrine, is available without a prescription. 
  • Other active ingredients are called dihydroergotamine and erythropoietin, which are successfully used in various preparations. 

Home remedies and tips to increase blood pressure

Regardless of medication, there are simple and effective ways to manage symptoms of low blood pressure by increasing the circulation, blood flow, and heartbeat.

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Hydration

If the pressure is low because you have too little fluid in your body, drinking a lot is the method of choice. In summer, you can prevent it by making sure you drink enough.

Sport and exercise

Movement is known to stimulate the circulation and thus raise blood pressure. If you exercise regularly, it will have a permanent effect. If you suffer from low blood pressure, especially in the morning, you can bend and stretch your legs several times in bed.

Coffee for low blood pressure

A cup of coffee in the morning also has an antihypertensive effect. If you don’t like or tolerate coffee, you can achieve the same effect with black or green tea.

Alternating showers

Alternating hot and cold showers are vascular training and thus help to increase the pressure a little.

Diet and Groceries

Foods such as beetroot, licorice root, citrus fruits and rosemary are said to have a regulating or lifting effect on blood pressure. In addition, several small meals spread over the day ensure a stable cycle as two or three large meals. The intake of glucose can acutely help with low blood pressure and circulatory problems.

Causes of serious hypotension

The causes of hypotension are mostly age- and situation-related and only rarely can be traced back to a serious illness. 

Low blood pressure from antihypertensive drugs

Young, slim women in particular have to struggle with low blood pressure, as do pregnant women. The latter should definitely see a doctor if the blood pressure is lower than usual. However, sometimes there is also a disease of the thyroid gland or the cardiovascular system behind it. You should then have this clarified by a doctor.

Low blood pressure in pregnancy, early pregnancy, and in young women

If you take medication for high blood pressure such as beta-blockers , these can lower the pressure too much if you are not properly adjusted to the medication or have taken too much. An underactive thyroid or anemia are conceivable causes of physically induced hypotension.

Heart failure and other physical ailments

A (severe) heart failure is a rarer, but also permanent, reason for hypotension. An underactive thyroid or anemia are conceivable causes of physically induced hypotension.

Foods that increase blood pressure

Apart from cold showers, endurance sports or just sufficient exercise in the fresh air, there are also a number of foods and drinks, which can bring relief. In our list, we show you four foods that can increase your blood pressure and thus alleviate any symptoms.

Food and home remedies for hypotension

  • Licorice root: The licorice root is responsible for the healthy functioning of the kidneys. It helps against chronic fatigue and gives a lot of energy. Licorice root is found in herbal liqueurs, cough syrups and special teas, among other things. Pharmacies also offer liquorice with a particularly high proportion of liquorice juice.
  • Chocolate: Chocolate contains the substance theobromine, which improves the heart rate and increases blood pressure. However, the dark variant should be used, as it contains more cocoa and less sugar.
  • Salt: While most people have to watch their salt consumption, hypotensive sufferers are welcome to add salt. The salt increases the sodium content in the blood, which is important for blood pressure.
  • Spices: You may be wondering which spices can increase blood pressure? Spices such as rosemary, ginger, pepper and chilli not only warm from the inside, but also stimulate the metabolism and increase blood pressure due to their hot substances. Alternatively, rosemary and ginger can also be consumed as tea.

Low blood pressure drinks

Not only food but also certain drinks can help with low blood pressure. The following five drinks will help you get a grip on low blood pressure problems in the short term.

  • Water: Low blood pressure is usually associated with dehydration. Therefore, a fluid intake of at least two liters per day should be ensured.
  • Coffee: Probably the best-known pick-me-up is coffee, which, with its caffeine content, can quickly raise blood pressure. However, caution should be exercised when using excessive amounts, as this can quickly lead to high blood pressure.
  • Green or black tea: If coffee is too strong for you or if you can’t tolerate it, you can choose the more digestible variant. Green or black tea have a pleasantly stimulating effect.
  • Kombucha tea: Kombucha tea is an all-round talent which, in addition to having a beneficial effect on the intestinal flora, is also known for its blood pressure regulating effect.
  • Sports drinks : Most sports drinks are isotonic. This means that they contain the same concentration of nutrients as found in human blood. They contain minerals such as magnesium, potassium, and sodium.

Conclusion

Do you suffer from low blood pressure? In any case, you should clarify this with your doctor – even if low blood pressure is often harmless. Certain foods and drinks can also help you raise your blood pressure in the short term. Among the top food-stuffs to help with symptoms of low blood pressure are chocolate or licorice root as well as certain spices such as salt, ginger, pepper and chili.

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