Health/Life

How stem cells are opening up new possibilities for autism treatment

autism treatment

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Autism is a pervasive neurodevelopmental disorder that involves multiple risk factors and development paths, making it hard to cure. However, several studies and evidence support the use of stem cells for autism treatment and  can open up new possibilities for mitigating the symptoms of ASD. 

Stem cells for autism treatment

Autism is a lifelong neurodegenerative health condition that affects a person’s social, communication, and behavioral skills. But a timely and effective treatment can lower the severity of the symptoms and sometimes eliminate them. In this article, we will take a look at how the use of stem cells opens up new possibilities in the management of an autistic child and what can be the treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

What is autism?

Autism refers to a complex developmental condition that involves a broad range of conditions like trouble with social skills, speech, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors. ASD symptoms may vary from person to person; for instance, some ASD people might have advanced conversational skills, whereas others may entirely be nonverbal. 

Some of the major signs of autism include:

  1. Persistent issues with communication, interpersonal relationships, and social interaction.
  2.  Limited and repetitive behaviors, patterns, activities, and interests.

Possible causes of autism 

Autism is mainly considered as a combination of genetic and environmental factors, but its exact cause is still unknown. It’s crucial to know that ASD is a spectrum disorder, meaning each person with this condition can have distinct strengths and weaknesses.

Recent research has concluded that several reasons could lead to autism. However, some major concerning risk factors are: 

  • Having an immediate family member suffering from ASD 
  • Significantly lower weight at birth
  • Child’s gender (boys tend to have autism more often)
  • Children born to older couples
  • Fragile X syndrome, Tuberous sclerosis, Rett syndrome, or other genetic disorders add to the risk of developing ASD in a person.
  • Metabolic imbalances 
  • Exposure to heavy metals or other environmental toxins
  • Consumption of specific medications like valproic acid and thalidomide during pregnancy
  • Maternal history of viral infections
  • Premature births, i.e., the ones born between 22-27 weeks of gestation

Can autism be cured?

Most experts believe that there is no cure available for autism spectrum disorder, and no treatment can be regarded as a one-size-fits-all. This is why most of the treatments are focused on managing the ASD symptoms or developing skills and support. However, some research and evidence-based types of treatment for autism include:

The goal of these treatments and interventions is to support the development and learning of your child by reducing the symptoms of ASD. As for stem cell therapy, at the same time, it aims to improve the physical well-being of the child, helping to overcome difficulties with the digestive process, epilepsy, food allergies, metabolic disorders, and so on.

Note: Early ASD interventions and treatments, during the early years of your child’s development, can significantly enhance the ability of your child to learn social, communication, functional, and behavioral skills. 

Stem cell therapy is a promising approach to the treatment of autism spectrum disorders

Why stem cell therapy?

Stem cell treatment is an intravenous therapy that ensures replacing the damaged cells within the body by stimulating the regeneration process in the damaged areas (the brain, in the case of autism). It also lessens the inflammation and modifies the immune system. Due to stem cells’ regenerative properties, they are widely used as a feasible treatment for many medical issues. Stem cell treatment for the early development of autism is widely used for treating conditions like:

  • Autoimmune and inflammatory (Crohn’s disease, arthritis, lupus, etc.)
  • Neurological (Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, etc.)
  • Orthopedic (including traumatic injuries)

Due to neurobiological changes underlying ASD development, experts believe that cell-based therapy like stem cells is one of the promising treatments for ASD. Neurological diseases are considered to be irreversible because of the slow and limited growth and development of nervous tissues in the brain. Hence, the regenerative capacity of the stem cells can repair and restore damaged cells and tissues in the brain and provide improvements.

How stem cell therapy works in autism treatment

Stem cell therapy for autism is among the many treatments for autism that have been deemed effective for managing the underlying conditions involving ASD. 

Stem cell therapy helps repair, replace, and regenerate the damaged cells within the brain through:

  1. Releasing growth factors that help regulate the immune imbalance and results in healing of damaged tissue.
  2. Increasing blood circulation to the affected tissues through the process of angiogenesis, which forms new blood vessels and helps repair the damaged cells.
  3. Converting to the tissue cells, they are implanted into, thereby replacing the non-functioning damaged tissue. 

This method helps establish neural connections and reduce inflammation within the nerve tissues, which is supposed to be one of the causes of autism, along with enhancing the effectiveness of other interventions. 

Promising results through mesenchymal stem cells

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a type of stem cells that are particularly known for their self-renewal, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, signaling, and differentiation properties. According to clinical trials, they have been found very effective for ASD treatment. These cells can be acquired from bone marrow, fat tissues, and umbilical cord tissue.

Depending upon the requirements of the treatment, the MSC can be employed systematically through IV or injected directly into the targeted area. 

With MSC therapy, some of the significant outcomes for your child would be:

  • Decreased aggressive behavior
  • Decreased hyperactivity
  • Improved sleep
  • Improved eye contact and attention span
  • Improved communication and social skills
  • Reduction of physical symptoms of autism (epilepsy, digestive issues, etc.)

You can visit the autism treatment center, to gain more insight into what to expect from stem cell therapy, or get a free online consultation for your child`a better future. Their medical advisors will not only answer your queries but will help you understand the timeline of the procedure, considering your child’s severity of symptoms. 

Conclusions

A pervasive developmental condition like ASD still has no cure, but with the help of stem cell therapy and the latest interventions, it can significantly alleviate the symptoms. Moreover, clinical evidence suggests that stem cell therapy verily (MSC) can remarkably improve the overall regulation of the immune system and the neural connectivity within the brain. Thus, with the right treatment and interventions, an autistic person has a good chance of living an independent and fulfilling life.