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How to juggle 3 balls: easy steps and diagrams

how to juggle 3 balls

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Our guide outlines how to juggle 3 balls, with easy excercises and steps, simple diagrams, and expert tips to get you juggling quickly.

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Do you want to learn to juggle? Then you are exactly in the right place here! We’ll show you step-by-step how to do it easily. We start with 2 small preliminary exercises that will make learning a lot easier for you. First with one, then with two balls. Finally, we’ll show you how to learn to juggle 3 balls.

Everyone can learn to juggle!

Many think that juggling is very complicated and difficult. It is not at all! Any healthy person can do it. We’ll show you how it’s done.

How to juggle 3 balls: Preliminary exercise 1

Of course, you can just start right away and throw everything haphazardly over the top. Repeat that 10 times, stamp your foot and say “Wow, learning to juggle is so hard!”

Or you follow our tip and start with a very simple preliminary exercise. That’s not cheating either, honestly. When learning to ride a bike, you didn’t just sit on it and get started, did you?

The preparatory exercises for learning to juggle are like your training wheels: You can first familiarize yourself with the new feeling. Take a look at the illustration below.

It’s way too easy!

Throwing a ball from hand to hand, what’s so difficult about that? Basically, that’s nothing special either. But in order to learn to juggle properly, you have to throw the ball in a very specific way. Just throwing around quickly is not the way!

Here are the step-by-step instructions:

  1. Start with a ball in your hand
  2. Throw it up relatively steeply . But in such a way that you can still get him to the other side. You shouldn’t throw it too high! The maximum is a little higher than your head!
  3. Catch the juggling ball with your other hand, hold it briefly, and now throw it away from there

Common mistakes

  • You throw the ball too high: it flies way over your head
  • You’re throwing the ball too low: it barely reaches your face
  • You throw too fast (hot potato): Hold the juggling ball in your hand for a brief moment before throwing it again.

In the next exercise you will quickly see why we did it that way. The following preliminary exercise with two balls is very important for learning to juggle and is based on what we have just done.

How to juggle 3 balls: preliminary exercise 2

Now it’s getting more challenging. We increase our stake to 2 balls. You should pause on this exercise for a while before moving on.

how to juggle 3 balls

Here again are the step-by-step instructions:

  1. Hold a juggling ball in each hand.
  2. Start with your weak hand. That makes the exercise easier!
  3. Throw the ball from your strong hand under the other.
  4. Catch both of them one at a time .


  • The second throw starts when the first ball is up and just beginning to fall
  • It is best to practice over your bed: Stand next to the bedside so you don’t have to bend down all the time!

The sense of this preliminary exercise

This is one of the best ways to learn to juggle! The second throw is exactly what you do alternately right and left while juggling.

So you get a little taste of the full juggling pattern. With the preliminary exercise you can easily learn the technique on each side. This is very useful for later!

How to juggle 3 balls: Common mistakes

The balls keep flying forward.

This is the most common mistake in learning to juggle and happens to almost everyone. Do not worry. Try to do the first throw a little higher, then you don’t have to hurry up with the second.

Many beginners do not even realize how much time they have between throws. Try not to stress yourself so much! Pay particular attention to the second ball throwing. Catching the first litter isn’t that important at first.

The juggling balls collide in midair

Either you are throwing too late or you do not throw it properly under the first throw. When learning to juggle, the first thing to do is to learn to throw. As soon as you master the technique, catching will be easier too!

Tip: It is not the aim to catch every lopsided throw! Focus on the second ball and not too much on the first.

The balls both come down at the same time. You therefore fail to catch.
The main reason for this is that you are not throwing the second ball high enough. You are probably not taking enough time to try to get rid of it quickly before you want to catch the first one.

Take another look at the picture under “Learning to juggle: Preliminary exercise 2”. Make sure that the throwing height is even!


You should master this preliminary exercise on both sides. Proper juggling is the same on both sides. Above all, train your weaker hand!

Learning to Juggle: The Continuous Pattern

Now let’s get down to business! Once you’ve mastered the last exercise, the next step for how to juggle 3 balls won’t be that difficult.

how to juggle 3 balls

How to juggle 3 balls: Preliminary exercise 3

Simple step-by-step instructions:

  1. Start with 2 balls in your strong hand.
  2. Throw the challenger diagonally onto the other hand.
  3. Your weak hand now throws under the first ball (as in Preliminary Exercise 2!)
  4. The ball that is still in your strong hand is now thrown.

Common mistakes

Don’t worry if it doesn’t work out right away! The beginner’s mistakes here are the same as in preliminary exercise 2. If 3 balls are still too much for you, return to the second preliminary exercise and practice the throws for both sides!

how to juggle 3 balls

How to juggle 3 balls: posture, balls, training frequency

Now, we would like to give you a few very valuable tips on juggling along the way. What should you watch out for while learning to juggle?


As a beginner, it is still very difficult to pay close attention to your own posture. But we can give you a tip on the way: If you want to make learning to juggle easier, keep your hands close to your body. This is how your throws will be accurate.

Ideally, you have your forearms parallel to the floor. In no case should you stretch your arms too far while practicing. Otherwise it makes it very difficult for you to catch the balls!

Throwing is more important than catching!

When learning to juggle, the most important thing is to throw. When you master your throws, catching is no longer difficult. So don’t try to catch every ball in a cramped manner. Drop something too! Real professionals even do it on purpose!

As they learn new tricks, they often throw all the balls up in the new pattern and see where the juggling balls fall. So you can see how clean the throws are.

Where should I learn to juggle best?

A very important tip: It is quite normal that the balls often fall down while learning to juggle. Especially when switching from 2 to 3. So that you don’t have to bend down all the time, you can simply stand at the edge of the bed or sofa. The balls simply fall on the bed or the couch in front of you. Much more pleasant!

How Often Should I Practice?

Don’t drive yourself crazy Practicing a little every day will bring you 2-3 hours more than once a week. It’s best to practice for 20 minutes each day, or for as long as you’re having fun.

Music helps!

Turn on your favorite music! Juggling is very rhythmic. Music can help keep pace right. Most of all, it’s so much more fun.

Juggling tricks for beginners

Here we introduce you to a lot of different tricks with 2 and 3 balls.  We have very simple beginner tricks and tricks for advanced and professional users.  However, we recommend learning all the tricks one after the other. Many build on each other!

Easy 2-ball tricks

Outer circles

This trick is more of a 2-ball pattern. The basic pattern you need to juggle 4 balls!
In contrast to the 3-ball cascade, the balls do not cross in the 4-ball fountain. When you have mastered the outer circles on both sides, you can start practicing 4 balls!

Outer circles with 2 balls in one hand

  1. Start with 2 balls in one hand
  2. Throw the first ball in a gentle arc from the inside out
  3. The second juggling ball must be thrown past the inside of the falling first one
  4. Catch the first ball and throw it, like the second, back inside


  • Imagine a center line. The balls must not cross this imaginary line
  • Make sure to practice this on both sides. Especially with your weaker hand!
  • The balls have to be thrown higher than in the 3-ball cascade.
  • Your hands or arms move like a shovel from the inside to the outside
  • From the inside to the outside! With the right hand clockwise, with the left counterclockwise!

Inner circles

Inner circles work like the outer circles. Just the other way around. Sounds easy, but it is not. This juggling pattern has it all.

Moving from outside to inside feels unnatural. In addition, it is not so easy to throw the juggling balls inwards in a controlled manner. If you have too much difficulty, try to throw just one ball first. This will give you a feeling for this new variation.

how to juggle 3 balls
Inner circles with 2 balls in one hand

  1. Start again with 2 balls in one hand
  2. Throw the first ball inwards in a slight arc
  3. The second ball is thrown past the outside of the first
  4. Catch the first ball and throw it past the outside of the second


  • Again, balls must not cross the center line
  • As always: practice on both sides!
  • The balls have to be thrown higher than in the 3-ball cascade.
  • Your hands or arms move like shovels from the outside to the inside
  • From the outside to the inside! With the right hand counterclockwise, with the left hand clockwise!


Here the balls don’t fly in circles, but straight up and down. That is why they are called “pillars”. Your hands must move precisely under the throwing tracks and throw them cleanly.

Columns with 2 balls in one hand

  1. Start: With 2 balls in one hand
  2. Throw the first ball straight up
  3. The second is placed next to it.
  4. Catch the first one and make sure the trajectories don’t cross!


  • Also note the center line here
  • Practice more extensively with your weak hand than with your strong one
  • It is best to practice columns in isolation and not in an inner or outer circle. Otherwise it will be very difficult for you to master the straight throws

“Siteswap” 301

When juggling, each throw is assigned a number according to its throw height.
You will definitely like the following trick. 

how to juggle 3 balls
Siteswap 301 with 2 balls

  1. As always: 2 balls in one hand (you can also start this trick from outside circles)
  2. The first ball is thrown quite high on the other side
  3. You just give the second one to the other hand
  4. Now it gets tricky: Throw the (2) diagonally upwards again before you catch (1)!


  • Always throw the first ball high enough to give you enough time!
  • Practice “passing” the second ball a little. You should be able to do this without looking
  • What does “301” mean? “3” is the high throw, “0” the empty hand on the other side, “1” the passing.

Multiplex start

Here you will learn an interesting starting variant with 2 balls. In principle, both balls are thrown straight up from one hand. The throwing technique is decisive here.

“Multiplex” always means that one hand throws several balls at once. Such multiplex tricks are a dime a dozen!

Multiplex start with 2 balls in one hand

  1. Both juggling balls in one hand
  2. The front ball flies very high, the back ball as low as possible
  3. Catch the first ball as early as possible before the second
  4. Start the juggling with 2 balls (outer circles)


  • Hold the juggling balls so that they are one behind the other in your hand
  • Concentrate only on the ball in front – try to throw only that ball if possible
  • the back ball is more or less only “pushed” slightly upwards
  • Technology is everything: the release is a mixture of wrist movement and a strong impulse from your fingers!

Easy 3-ball tricks

Backward throw

If you can master this easy 3-ball trick, you can quickly learn many new trick variations! The backward throw is therefore particularly worthwhile. It’s the first trick most jugglers learn.

how to juggle 3 balls
Backward throw with 3 balls

  1. Juggle 3 balls in the basic pattern “Cascade”
  2. Instead of underneath, you now throw one ball over the other
  3. Catch the backward throw and continue juggling normally
  4. Urgently practice on both sides for the tricks to come!


  • It helps to lower the throw slightly before throwing backwards
  • You can also practice the trick with just 2 balls at first instead of trying it straight away from the cascade


While the backward throw is only performed briefly once, “tennis” is your first continuous juggling pattern. To do this, you absolutely have to master the backward throw on both sides!

3 ball tennis

  1. Juggle a cascade again
  2. Make a backward throw
  3. Catch the backward throw and do it right again on the side!
  4. Now you play tennis: The blue one is the tennis ball, the other is the “net”.


  • Practice step by step: first two rounds, then three, then four, then continuously
  • It helps to throw the 2 balls that make up the net a little lower
  • Variations: Play tennis properly by throwing the “tennis ball” sometimes high, sometimes low or flat!

Half shower

The half shower is one of the most popular juggling tricks of all. It works with any number of balls from 3 and is also often demonstrated by professionals.

With this trick, the balls always fly over the pattern on one side. It’s practically a permanent “backward throw” on one side. The half shower looks incredibly spectacular with lots of balls!

how to juggle 3 balls
Half shower with 3 balls

  1. The trick starts from the basic pattern
  2. Do a “backward throw” on one side
  3. The other hand throws normal throws in the basic pattern …
  4. … while one side only throws backwards


  • The “backward throw” has to be right on at least one side for this trick!
  • Do the normal throws a little lower. This makes it easier to throw the balls past each other.
  • The pattern remains asynchronous!

Backward cascade

The backward cascade is, as the name suggests, the backward running variant of the normal 3-ball cascade. Since every throw is the same in this pattern, it is easier than some other trick.

Backward cascade with 3 balls

  1. Start with the basic pattern
  2. Throw the first ball along the outside
  3. The second must also pass the first ball on the outside
  4. Every single throw is now thrown over instead of under!


  • The falling balls are caught pretty much in the middle of the body and then “carried” outwards
  • Helpful: Imagine tossing the balls into a bucket hanging in front of your face!


The so-called fountain brings variety to your juggling tricks!

With this trick, the rhythm changes from asynchronous to synchronous and back again. For beginners, the fountain is spectacular. Plus, it feels really good!

Fountain with 3 balls

  1. Juggle a cascade
  2. Now throw a ball up in the middle
  3. Now you have to throw both balls over the outside of the first!
  4. Catch the first ball and juggle normally!


  • It helps to set the first throw a little higher. So you have more time to concentrate on the 2 balls!
  • First, practice throwing crosswise without a third ball at the same time.


This 3-ball trick is very simple. Once you’ve learned it, you can do it in many different ways. With changing hands, ball running around, as a running 8, and and and …

how to juggle 3 balls
Pillars with 3 balls

  1. Juggle columns with 2 balls in one hand
  2. Now throw up the single ball at the same time as the outside
  3. The outer balls are always thrown at the same time …
  4. … and caught together too!


  • You should be very good at the pillars in one hand!
  • It’s easier when your strong hand juggles the 2 balls
  • This trick is the basis for many different trick variations. Check out the video!

Fake pillars

how to juggle 3 balls
Fake pillars with 3 balls

The fake pillars are one of the funniest beginner tricks out there! Strictly speaking, it’s just a 2-ball trick since the third ball is not thrown at all. But since you have to control 3 juggling balls, it works as a 3-ball trick.

  1. Juggle pillars in one hand again
  2. Now lift the single ball with the (1)
  3. Bring it down again at the same time as (1)
  4. The held ball exactly follows the movement of (1)


  • Again, you should be able to master the columns very well with 2 balls
  • It is easier if you do the pillars with your weak hand. Carrying the individual ball up and down requires coordination. Your main hand is better suited for this!