In this practical tip, we will show you how to properly plant your balcony. Whether geranium, marigold or ivy – a flowered balcony just makes more impact. Here is our guide to plant a balcony with flowers.
Tip 1: Plant a balcony with flowers: flower boxes and potting soil for proper planting
- You should not start too early with the planting of your balcony. Even first rays of the sun do not protect against frost. If you want to be on the safe side, you should wait until after the icy saints in May.
The choice of the flower box can already be done in advance. Here you should opt for large flower boxes, because then the earth can not dry out too quickly. Make the selection depending on the circumstances on your balcony.
- In a second step, you should get high-quality potting soil, because it stores the water much longer.
- When filling the flower boxes, be sure to apply three coats. First comes the drainage layer, which makes the irrigation water drain better. Opt for a layer of expanded clay. Then you should prevent the silting and place separating fleece in the flower box. Finally, the substrate follows with slow release fertilizer.
Extra tip: Do not fill the flower boxes to the brim, but leave a so-called pouring margin of 1 to 2 cm. In this way, the water can be optimally distributed and does not run over directly.
Tip 2: Find suitable plants for southern and northern balconies
When it comes to planting, you should definitely check whether your balcony is the sunny south-facing balcony or the shady north-facing balcony. After that, you should then select the appropriate plants. This is important because the plants each tolerate more or less sunlight.
For example, on the south balcony you can place hanging geraniums, marigolds and magic bells as well as the straw flower, the blue-eyed pillar or the elven spur.
On the other hand, plants such as stinging nettle, hydrangea or ivy as well as fuchsias, tuberous begonia or deadnettle are suitable for your north balcony.
Extra tip: Be sure to check in advance what conditions prevail on your balcony and look at the exact needs of the plants. If necessary, get advice.
Tip 3: Plant your favorite balcony plants properly
The next step is to plant the flowers properly. Here you should distinguish between preferred and self-drawn flowers.
Make sure that the roots are clearly visible on early plants.
For self-towing plants it is important to sow the seeds according to the packaging instructions. Then press the plants well and do not allow cavities to form, otherwise you will unwantedly promote the rot.
Do not opt for plants that are too high, because they quickly break off. In addition, they extract a lot of water from the earth, which in turn is bad for small balcony flower boxes.
Extra tip: Do not squash the flowers too much. As a rule of thumb you can remember: Per meter, you should not place more than seven plants.
Tip 4: Pour and maintain your balcony plants properly
So that the plant does not enter, you should necessarily pour and maintain it regularly. There are some important tips to consider.
It is best to water the plants in the morning or in the evening. Avoid watering the flowers in direct sunlight.
Do not let waterlogging occur. Pour slowly and never let the plants drown in the water.
Extra tip: Cut off the stunted regularly or break it out carefully. In this way, the plant can regain enough strength for the formation of buds.
How to prune roses correctly, we show you in another practical tip.
Gerhardt Richter is a writer and a trainer at trade technical colleges, specializing in carpentry, plumbing and construction.