Even if raw looks clean, caution is still required against pesticides. Therefore, you should always wash fruit and vegetables properly. You can read how to do this here.
Most minerals, vitamins and trace elements are in the shell of fruit and vegetables. So what is more obvious than eating apples, pears and grapes as they are? The problem with the whole thing, however, is that grown foods such as fruit and vegetables go through many different stations until we arrive, the end user, and, of course, in order to remain durable for so long, they are also treated accordingly.
Moreover, despite all organic farming, the use of pesticides in many foods remains. These also harm our body and can only be completely removed by a thorough cleaning. For this reason, it is very important that you wash fruit and vegetables properly from the supermarket before you continue to prepare or consume it.
But what are the best methods to wash fruit and vegetables properly and what about organic goods? We’ll explain all this below.
Wash fruit and vegetables properly – what you need to know
Material & Utensils
Sure, it can also be done without, but it’s nice if you could fall back on the following helpful utensils.
» Kitchen faucet with swivel shower head
Very practical. Because most fittings are stiff, inflexible and somehow never where you want them to be.
» Draining sieve
Use a sieve so that the fruit and vegetables do not sit directly in the unhygienic sink or perhaps even in the drain. Modern drip sieds are also available as a collapsible model in a space-saving way.
» Vegetables & Potato Gloves
We also like it very much. First, if you don’t have the dirt on your hand and secondly, you can remove the coarse dirt for all “shell-blacks” quite fantastically.
Clean fruit properly:
» Apples and pears:
Studies have shown that apples and pears have a higher content of vitamins and minerals in the shell than in pulp. Therefore, you should definitely eat these fruits with a bowl. Before that, however, you must wash them thoroughly under lukewarm water.
But that’s not all. Apples usually have a waxed surface. However, you can easily remove these by rubbing them with kitchen crepe.
» Citrus fruits:
It is the case that almost all the citrus fruits from the supermarket were treated with pesticides. Only in this way can you survive the long journey to Germany without spoiling. Surely you will now think that we can’t care less anyway, because you usually eat citrus fruits without a peel. But be mistaken, because there are so many recipes where the skins of the citrus fruits make up the taste.
So if you want to use the zest of lemons, oranges, grapefruits or mandarins for cooking or baking, then it is important that you wash them thoroughly with water before consumption.
Clean vegetables properly:
Of course, the easiest way to get rid of any residues is to peel vegetables carefully. However, for some varieties, the most important nutrients are mainly in the shell. Even in terms of taste, peppers or tomatoes without their skin would be only half as tasty. A thorough cleaning is therefore essential.
If you cook or heat vegetables, a lot of germs are already lost, but you should not do without washing to be absolutely safe.
» Vegetables with a smooth shell:
Raw water is best cleaned under lukewarm, flowing water. As a rule, it is enough if you simply brush vegetables with a smooth bowl such as tomatoes or zucchini and rub them dry with a cloth.
» Vegetables with a rough shell:
If the shell is rougher, as with potatoes or cucumbers, then it is worth using a vegetable brush. With this you can easily clean different vegetables. All residues such as sand, soil or other dirt are removed so easily and gently.
Some models are particularly practical because they have both a soft and a hard brush side. This allows you to use the soft side for more sensitive vegetables such as mushrooms, while the hard bristles are ideal for carrots.
Important: However, it is important to clean the brush with hot water after each use, so that all germs are killed.
You should not wash salad under running water, as this significantly reduces the vitamin C content. It is better if you clean the salad heads in a water bath. This is particularly easy if you have plucked individual leaves.
Use fruit detergent/vegetable detergent
If you wish, you can also work with a vegetable detergent or fruit detergent. This is available from specialist retailers. Such detergents are specially developed for the cleaning of food, are based on toxin-free and tasteless surfactants and also leave a particularly fresh fragrance thanks to essential oils.
Make food detergent yourself:
You can also easily make such a food detergent yourself. All you need is:
- 1 tablespoon white vinegar
- 1 tablespoon lemon juice
- 1 cup water
- 1 spray bottle
Simply mix everything together, spray on, leave on for ten minutes and then rinse thoroughly.
Do organic goods need to be washed?
Fruits and vegetables grown organicallyshould also be thoroughly cleaned. Especially when the varieties grow very close to the ground, they are also polluted in most cases. In addition, the bio predicate says nothing about cleanliness – even if the farming is ecological, the field can still be located on a busy road. The result is a deposit of harmful substances on the skin or leaves of the plant.