How to landscape a garden

Landscape a garden

Narrow, lengthened or angled: our guide shows how to landscape a garden so you can ideally use the space and design it with plants, garden houses and visual protection.

Rejoice if your property has an unusual shape, because there is a high probability that it will become an exciting garden with interesting perspectives you can take advantage of when you landscape a garden. The standard system with lawn in the middle and beds all around may still look reasonably good for square or rectangular plots, for long narrow or short wide spaces it is unsuitable.

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Before you landscape a garden: Make a plan

Of course, nothing works without a plan: Before you reach for the spade to dig out post holes or use woods to landscape a garden, make yourself comfortable on the terrace and look at your garden closely. After all, it’s about the view you have from here. Make a note of what you want to preserve, where the sunny and shady areas are, what you want to hide or highlight. The terrace itself also deserves attention: do you feel more comfortable if it is surrounded by a lot of open space or do you prefer it protected?

Divide the garden and create views

With these notes you have a good basis for the next step, planning the partitionswith which you divide the plot. The goal is clear: With a long narrow plot, the walls should prevent the view from the terrace to the end of the garden or at least distract through view points in between. This is achieved, for example, with dense hedgesthat leave only narrow passageways, or eye-catchers, which are sometimes arranged on the left, sometimes right on the longsides of the garden. Partitions in a long, narrow garden should be as opaque as possible, so that the end of the garden is really hidden and one gets from one closed room to the next.

In order to create a new impression of space, you should create subdivisions in these gardens and create views or deny them. By the way, separate areas are created, which you can plant differently – a large one will become many small gardens.

The most important design means are built or planted walls and passageways. In large gardens there is enough space for free-growing hedges, for smaller ones cut hedges are more suitable. Where as little planting area as possible is to be sacrificed, rank grids or closed wooden elements are just right; they are not only visually effective subdivisions, but also offer space for climbing plants.

Short and wide garden

In the case of a short, wide plot, however, the view should be directed unhindered to the end, while screens separate areas on the side and make the visible space appear narrower in this way. An effective means of optical space extension is a middle way, which is lined on both sides by backdrop walls. Seen from the terrace, it appears longer as it narrows to the back and the front backdrops are only narrow and become wider and wider at the back.

Of course, there should be something at the back of the garden that attracts the attention and is an attractive end point for the path. In the wide spaces between the backdrops, small gardens or even only wide beds can be laid, depending on the square. Garden sheds or sheds also belong to the side of the garden, so as not to lose any depth. With a small seat in front of it, you can add a further direction of view and also use the dimensions of the garden.

When playing with optical illusions, color has an important function. Cool colors such as blue, gray, purple, white seem further away, warm and bright colors are approaching.

Long and narrow garden

Hedges and walls create a series of garden spaces, each with its own centre. The seats are located on the sides and thus create perspectives transverse to the longitudinal orientation of the garden.

Like backdrops, screens protrude from the sides into the garden space and narrow the path. The free space in the middle of the garden is getting narrower and narrower from the terrace to the fountain square to the bench.

Garden room

With green walls, you can give every property, whether it is narrow, wide or angled, a new structure. The actual dimensions are hardly recognizable, because many independent spaces have been created. Such a structured garden is not only more interesting, but also better to use than one that consists of only one room. It can accommodate different seats, flower, kitchen, water or play garden, depending on what is desired. It does not matter whether the parts fit together perfectly, because they are clearly separated from each other.

Lattice walls

Clearly separated, but not opaquely sealed, is the wall made of lattice. The room framed with lattice walls looks beautifully airy and, even despite a small size, not cramped.

Staggered heights

Walls with staggered heights: The small lawn garden is framed with low boxwood hedges and splinter trees. This resulteds in a clear structure without the garden losing its breadth and generosity. Pretty are the stripes of different shades of green, which bring stork beakand hydrangeas in front of the trees.

High hedge

Behind the yew hedge you sit beautifully hidden away from the house with a view of flowers and pond basins. Especially in city gardens, garden rooms with opaque hedges are pleasant, because these green walls swallow noise and dust, are a good wind screen and provide shade. Between this seat and the house there is a small flower garden.Next

Transparent walls

Transparent walls are suitable to maintain the view through the whole garden, but on the other hand to divide it. They create separate spaces, but at the same time get the impression of vastness. 

Climbing plants have an important function here: they make the actually transparent walls opaque in places and give the impression of randomly created insights and insights. The garden pictures that are created in this way change depending on the direction of view and the season and therefore have a great appeal.

Structural steel mesh

Walls made of posts and structural steel mesh are very simple and inexpensive. Because the walls are so light and permeable, they have little wind pressure to withstand and floor impact sleeves are sufficient to anchor the posts in the ground. The structural steel mats are attached to the posts with cramps.

Finished Grid

Finished grids are available in many wooden variations. They look more rustic than structural steel mats and give some visual protection even without vegetation. Such a wall can be easily assembled from a pergola system. The lattice fence fields are usually matched to this in the dimensions.

Slat boards

The wall of slat boards, which are assembled with crosss to fence fields, provides a glimpse. The charm consists of the contrast between the raw, only partially debarked boards and the manicured and colourful flower garden behind them.

Passages and pathways

If hedges and high fences are the walls in the garden, then passages are the windows and doors through which the view can wander from one room to the other when you landscape a garden to make it appealing. They frame the picture that appears on the other side, but can also be an eye-catcher in themselves. For example, in early summer, when the roses bloom and the bow appears to consist only of flowers and leaves.

Lush plants, by the way, have a considerable weight and not only reach a large height, but also grow in width. The arch must therefore be very stable and well anchored in the ground. To ensure that a comfortable passage remains, it should be at least 160 cm wide.